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Ashford 6: – Week 5 – Final Project


Final Project

The final assignment of this course is the creation of an interactive timeline. Each week you were required to complete a Discussion Forum, sharing five significant events/individuals that made an impact on education during each time period. You will now use this information to create an interactive timeline using Tiki-Toki.  

Focus of the Final Project

For the Final Project, you are required to make a timeline of the events in the history of American education that made a significant impact, and include a summary of each event. 

Guidelines for the Timeline

To create the timeline, use the information from each week’s Timeline Discussion Forum response. (You may use the events you listed or the events your peers have listed. You will upload your text, event by event, to a timeline you create using Tiki-Toki. You must include historical events, with each significant time period being represented with at least two different events/individuals. You must include an introduction timeline slide (as prompted by tiki-toki) that will include your name, the name of the course, and a brief description of what your timeline entails. You must include a minimum of 20 historical events; feel free to include more events in the area(s) that you feel were most significant. You are encouraged to use scholarly sources where appropriate. After selecting the historical events, compose a brief summary (25 to 50 words) for each, and select and include a historical image or video that highlights the event. Include a minimum of three sources in addition to your textbook and reference them in APA 6th-edition style. Once the timeline is complete, please include the final tiki-toki link in your written document. 

Additional notes regarding the timeline:


  • Review the following example of the Final Timeline Assignment for EDU 324
  • The events/figures that have been chosen for the example are not significant to the history of American Education and may not be used in your final timeline.
  • When creating your own timeline, please be sure to adjust the date as needed; either the actual date; February 5, 2014 or 2014, whichever is appropriate.
  • Please be sure that all images have captions.


Written document must include: 


  • Cover page
  • Reflection of the timeline
  • Tiki-toki link
  • A reference page 


Reflection Items:


  • Determine which event listed in your timeline you feel is the most significant and explain why. 
  • State which event you found the most interesting and explain why. 
  • If you had access to a time travel machine, explain which event you would like to have been a part of and why. 
  • Predict an event that you think will be listed on future timelines and provide a rationale. 


Please note you will be graded on the clarity of your narrative and the appropriateness of design (e.g., the quality of the images, how well the images relate to the given event) and the quality of your response to the reflection items.

The summaries and the written portion of the Final Project will be submitted to Turnitin, so be sure to cite your sources appropriately. Note that you must also cite in APA format the source of each of the selected historical images and/or videos. Music clips are also welcome if you can legitimately connect the song to the historical event (and properly cite the source).






Desiderius Erasmus


 The Dutch humanist, Desiderius Erasmus, was conceived at Rotterdam, clearly on October 28, 1466, the illegitimate child of a doctor’s girl by a man who a while later turned minister.






 The beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church.




Reconstruction alludes all in all to the real religious changes that cleared crosswise over Europe amid the 1500s, changing love, legislative issues, society, and fundamental social examples.





 John Harvard




Harvard was not, then, the author of the school, as he is approached the remembrance statue there. Be that as it may on his initial passing in 1638 he granted to it his library of nearly four hundred volumes, and 50% of his home.




 The Age of Enlightenment 17th century




Period in which social and educated powers in Western Europe underlined reason, investigation, and independence instead of conventional lines of power.






The rise of the academy in the mid 18thcentury




In Europe, the eighteenth century was a time of erudite, social, and political age. This time is regularly alluded to as the Age of Enlightenment, for it was in the eighteenth century that the thoughts of the past 100 years were executed on a wide scale.




The Sunday school,


A Sunday school, otherwise called a Sabbath school, is an organization intended to show individuals, generally (however not generally) kids and other youngsters








The first monitorial school in the United States by a Quaker, Joseph Lancaster in New York City in 1806.



Lancaster composed Improvements in Education in 1803 and later made a trip to the United States to address and advance his thoughts. The stature of fame of his framework came in the first many years of the nineteenth century.




Infant Schools by Robert Owen in 1816 




Robert Owen (1771-1858), social and instructive reformer, [as Ian Donnachie writes] stays a disputable and confounding figure. Having benefitted hugely from big business in the early modern revolution.






United States Military Academy


West Point is a standout amongst the most prestigious military schools on the planet. It is the school where the brightest and most physically fit military competitors begin their vocations.




The Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1848.


The impulse to make such an organization was an intriguing one, and started a few years prior. The seeds were planted with the conception of the U.S. Naval force amid the Revolutionary War.




Social Efficiency 1906


Educators thought schools would be more efficient if they did not specific instruction on students who would never need or use it. Should be differentiated into an array of academics and vocational tracks, and students should be tracked into the particular curriculum that would contribute most directly into their vocational goals. AKA the Gary plan (work study/platoon plan)




Dr. Ella Flagg Young 1845-1917


A collaborator and colleague with Dewey, was another important figure in the progressive education movement.  She was the first women superintendent of a large city school system, and the first woman president of the National Education Association.


She also believed teaching methods should cater to the individual interests of the students, recognize what experience the children bring to school, and the curriculum should reflect the natural interests and dispositions of the child.  The schools should also mimic democratic society. She was against the efficiently movement, and was well respected administrator. Thought teachers should have more voice in decision making, and to raise their pay, and unionize. 


The Depression 1929


The depression had a great effect on education, particularly the poor. 1934 20,000 schools closed, while 10 states reduced the school term to 3 months, while 22 states reduced the term to 6 months or less. In 1933, lower class families couldn’t afford tuition, supplies, or even clothing and shoes to attend school.  There was a great reduction in education staff and for those not cut, their wages were cut and their work load increased.  Women, especially those married were usually the first to hit the staff cut backs.  Many teachers then began to enter into politics on the local level, as candidates and lobbyists. Among getting more funding from state, they were also worked towards greater regulation of certification, more state oversight, and job protection through tenure.


New Deal 1935


Changed the relationship between federal and educational system; many of the work and educational plans put into place did cause issues when the federal funding went to these programs instead of established schools systems. However, it supplied education to the poor and hired back some of the teachers laid off during the Depression. Started by Roosevelt, it only did focus on getting education and these programs to the poor and unemployed. He rejected the idea of general federal aid to the schools, but some of the educators also agreed with this as they feared federal control.


Essentialists/ William C. Bagley  1938


Bagley thought that American education was inferior, lacked vigor, and filled with ‘frills’. Thought greater discipline was needed in the classroom and should hold more structure.  He thought the schools had gone overboard with catering the to the students interests. He thought this would combat totalitarianism.




  • First Education Summit-1989: First meeting of the governors and president since the Great Depression in which addressed educational deficiencies.  Led by the Bush administration.  All who attended agreed that the states needed to focus on raising achievement and academic standards and that the schools needed to be held responsible for educational goals for the nation.
  • Minnesota Enacts Charter School Legislation-1991: Minnesota was the first state to have charter schools which are publicly funded and exempt from many state regulations.  Their curriculum is more innovative and efficient as well as provides parents with more options outside of the public school system.
  • Second Education Summit-1996: Educators were once again not present.  Executives from major businesses were present.  Clinton increased funding but was unsuccessful in advancing his other educational reforms.  By the end of his term as president, Clinton took strides to equalizing educational opportunities and raising achievement across the nation. 
  • No Child Left Behind Act-2002: Educational reform proposed by Bush was the largest since 1965. Set the foundation for a new national testing.  Quickly implemented in all public schools, however, many schools struggled to fulfill all mandates including meeting state standards, improving achievement, and retaining a qualified staff.  This left a window for president Obama to advance his own educational goals.
  • Race to the Top (RTT) Announced-2009: Created by president Obama.  Emphasized standards, expanding charter schools, and enhancing instructor quality.